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A SCRIBNER PAPERBACK FICTION READING GROUP GUIDEHEART OF THE BEAST
1. Heart of the Beast
opens to Iris's disturbing and bloody dream of the Nez Perce Indians and concludes with her father's violent death. What other violent images and scenes do you remember from the story? What do these scenes tell us about this land, this life, and this family? What does the calving scene illustrate about the relationship between Iris and her mother, and, likewise, what does the branding and castrating scene show about Ike and his children?
2. Farming has often been portrayed in literature as the work of men against an implacable earth. In this novel, the farmland is often portrayed as feminine: on page 7, we learn that the family farmed by the cycles of the moon; on page 8, the ground lies "vulnerable, carvable, and pliant," and later, the "gold grain rushed into the bin the way a mother's milk comes in a while after a baby is born." How do these and similar images shape our perception of the land and the act of farming? What do they say about Iris as a single woman running a farm on her own?
3. The novel revolves around the question of whether Iris and her family are the rightful owners of the property they call Heart of the Beast or whether the land belongs to the Nez Perce. Were you surprised by the way this issue was ultimately resolved? Was the decision fair? Who do you believe the land belongs to, and what would you have done in Iris's position?
4. As her mother approaches death, Iris is charged with caring for her as if she were an infant. Have their roles reversed or stayed the same during this time? How were these two strong women different, and what did they have in common? Given more time, do you think they would have grown to value each other more?
5. Discuss the concept of legacy. Aside from the property itself, what legacies have been passed down in Iris's family? Are family legacies a kind of fate? Can they help Iris -- and us -- grow, or are they more like weights around our ankles?
6. As she takes in the harvest, Iris reflects, "With each day, I felt the dirt in handfuls landing on top of me. I was disappearing; the land was taking me over. I began to look like it, my skin turned dull like earth, my fingerprints rubbed out, obscured by dust" (page 52). What is the significance of this statement? Do you think that the land is literally burying her?
7. Iris has always hated the sculpted busts of her family members, and has always wanted to get rid of them. What do these busts symbolize for Iris and for the story as a whole? Do you think she made the right choice about them in the end? What does her decision imply about her future relationship with her family's history? At the end of the book, Iris looks at the sculptures of her parents and sees them in a more positive light. Have they really become better people or is it just that Iris understands them better in her heart and mind?
8. Iris's aunt Hanna is strikingly different from the other members of her family. What makes Hanna unique? What does she have to offer Iris?
9. On page 207, Iris thinks, "Children bothered me. In fact, I loathed them....It was more babies that made me sick....Women and children never worked out." Where do you think this aversion comes from? Do you think her feelings are set in stone, or are they likely to change? Do you think Iris actually hates babies or hates and fears a vulnerable, small, immature part of her own self?
10. Tansy's arrival breathes fresh life into the farm. How does she change Iris, and what does her presence signal about the family's future? Were you surprised that she chooses to remain on the reservation? What is the importance, if any, of Tansy, who is both white and Indian, ending up owning Heart of the Beast?
11. Do you agree with Iris's decision to stay on the farm, even after the successive deaths of her brother, father, and mother? Is she trapped by her family's land? Empowered by it? Neither? While helping Tansy settle in, Iris realizes that "everything of my dead family was still in the house" (page 271). How is this true of more than just their personal effects? Why hasn't Iris cleaned house?
12. On page 296, Iris tells Henry, "I'm not bleeding. But I'm dying as much as anyone." What do you think she means?
13. Reread the story (pages 305-6) that gave Heart of the Beast its name. What does this legend mean to you? What can the story tell us about the Nez Perce, about Iris, and about America?
14. In the beginning of the novel, Elise tells her daughter that water will never rise above its source. It is only at the end of the book that we finally see the first image of rain and moisture rising. What message does this image leave us with?